F is for Flesh
I have to say that the title of this post is a little creepy. But no, we are talking the colour of flesh, one of the most challenging colours to create.
When we were kids, skin tone pretty equalled something resembling that of The Simpsons. It was light, we had a limited palette, yellow usually did the job. But for an adult involved in life drawing or portraiture, the challenge needs to be met. Because, like most colours, skin isn’t just one colour and to realise why we need to look at its structure and function.
For starters in the average caucasian skin is somewhat translucent and the structures underneath force a variety of colours into the picture. Secondly, it is dynamic, changing from moment to moment, so a good skin ‘colour’ need to reflect that elasticity and movement. And thirdly, it is textured, creating minute shadows and dips in colour that go beyond the body’s contours.
And I refuse to mention freckles!
In other words, it’s a challenge to paint.
So where do you start?
Consider the spectrum of colour that skin contains – reds, pinks, whites, browns, and the occasional blue or purple. I tend to pick the most common colour, the colour at the centre of the spectrum, the colour I can add colour to to create all the other colours…and that is your traditional core skin tone.
The one you’ll find in a tube.
I know this for a fact, because one afternoon I sat down and laboriously mixed the exact skin tone colour I wanted to start off my painting. Three days later I walked into the art shop and bought that exact colour. What can I say? I got sick of mixing it.
The colour paint I bought is called Skin Tone Light and has been mixed using white, red and orange pigments. I use it as a base to start from, lightening, darkening, changing its hue, etc for each patch of skin I’m painting. It is easier to see how it works in my pastel painting of my youngest daughter (above). The colour shades merge to create ‘skin’.
Colours that can be used to mix flesh – several yellows, Magenta, Unbleached Titanium, Raw Sienna and Umber mixed with Titanium White can all contribute to skin. I also recommend having a little blue or purple on hand as you’d be surprised where those hues turn up. Pre-mixed skin tones also come in a variety of shades so you can start with a lighter or darker base tone depending upon your subject.
And should we then mention things like reflections off clothing that change skin tones completely?
Did I mention a challenge?
But it is one worth attempting, because once you have it working for you, it can open up a whole world of painting opportunities.
I know, I’m still learning.